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~SITE PHILOSOPHY~ This site is provided by enlighten technologies, inc.�, an Iowa based corporation, and is intended as a resource rich research site aimed at giving back to the community and the state of Iowa in appreciation for all those who have helped us these past Fifth teen years to succeed in the law service industry.  We feel that helping to promote the State of Iowa Caucus is an important part of the political process and is beneficial to both our community and  the State of Iowa.

 

 







       How much money will be spent on the 2016 Iowa Caucus?

We project that the amount of money spent on the  2016 Iowa Caucus will be greater than the amount spent on the 2012 Iowa Caucus, which would be somewhere between $20,000,000 and $30,000,000 in total from both parties participating in the Iowa Caucus.  This is more money than was spent in 2012, but far less than what was spent on the 2008 Iowa Caucus, which was around $51,593,849.00 (See Spending). Part of the reason more money will be spent in 2016 is that both parties will be running for the office of the president, but only the Republican party will have the normal field of 10 to 12 candidates running for office. The Democratic party appears to have only 4 to 6 individuals running for president. This conservitive increase in spending in the State of Iowa is projected based upon the fact that the Iowa Democratic party, which usually holds more intense Caucuses than the Repulbicans, does not have the 10 or more individuals running for office and currently all of the Democratic candidates are from the east coast and will be more focused on a good showing in New Hampshire and not Iowa. The Republicans only spent $17,594,397 in total in the State of Iowa in 2012, using a formula of 1/30 of their total campain budget at the end of the 2012 year.  This is equal to $7.56 per  Iowa citizen over 18 years old, which would be approximately 2,330,344 individuals aged 18 years or older or 2,199,299.60 spent per candidate.

Individual candidate expenditures for the 2016 Iowa Caucus are expected to be around 2 to 3 million per candidate, which is roughly $1.28 per Iowa citizen who will be of age to participate in the Iowa Caucus. This projection is based on the 2012 Iowa Caucus statistics with 8 candidates actively campaigning and spending around $2,199,299.60. This is only an estimate because just a handful of the 8 candidates in Iowa spent over a million dollars on their campaigns. So if the projection holds true, and we have a total from both parties of 14 candidates running for President, we could see around $30,000,000 spent in the state of Iowa for the 'First in the Nation' Caucus. 

The money raised and spent for the Iowa Caucus TV ads alone will probably be around $10,000,000 because some of the candidates are planning on spending most of their physical time in New Hampshire and only running TV ads in Iowa.


U.S. Census
http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/19000.html

FEC Presidential Reports (Current Election Cycle)
http://docquery.fec.gov/pres/

FEC 2012 Year-End Presidental Reports
http://docquery.fec.gov/pres/2012/YE/
FEC Summary Reports
http://www.fec.gov/finance/disclosure/srssea.shtml

University of WI Ad Project
http://wiscadproject.wisc.edu/wiscad
University of Wisconsin
http://wiscadproject.wisc.edu/wiscads_pressrelease_020108.pdf
CNN
http://edition.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/01/01/iowa.ad.spending/


How do the candidates promote themselves in Iowa?

The candidates who visit Iowa are afforded many opportunities to reach out and speak to Iowa Caucus goers.  One of the overlooked avenues to get the attention of Iowa Caucus goers is by talking to the local news sources. This allows the candidate to communicate their views to a significant amount of individuals in that local community without going door-to-door (See Iowa News). One of the main ways that a candidate can get their message out is via Iowa Public Television and by participating on Iowa Press, which has worked for sitting presidents and candidates who have won the Iowa Caucus in the past.  


Have Iowan's fallen asleep in the voting booth or shifted voting habits?

Looking at the most recent voting trends it looks like Iowa voters are falling asleep or lossing momentum in the voting booth. and may have reached the cap of individuals who are willing to vote in the general elections. The total popluation of the state of Iowa is 3,107,126 and that is an increase of 60,257 people from 2010 3,046,869. The total number of votes in the 2010 midterms was 1,133,434 individuals voted compared to 1,142311 Iowans voted in 2014 which is only 8,877 more individuals. The 1.4 percent increase is not reflective of the overll population increase of 2.0 % which is what one would expect to see in the voting both over the same time period. Plus the more alarming number is that 447,640 did not vote in 2014 who voted in the 2012 election. A trend which may be frightning if it continues. Even as Iowa popluation slowly grows the voting interest seems to be falling asleap.  in Iowa for the last 2 decades was an increase in voting participation. however when looking at the most reacent data In 2004 1,521,966 Iowans voted. That increased by 24,487 votes in 2008 to 1,546,453 Iowans Voting and that increased again in 2012 to add another 43,498 new Iowans voted  in the 2012 presidential election for a total of 1,589,951 Which looks like an increase each election cycle. However it looks like the momentum may be losing its steam when looking at the congressional election of 2014 which had a total of 1,142,311 Iowans vote. That is a decrease of 447,640 individuals who did not vote but were votes that just 2 years earlyer voted. The question is will the 2016 presidentail election see a decress in voters making Iowa fall in line with other states were the interest in voting is decreassing rather then increasing. At this point in time of 2015 it shure looks that way becuase the interest in the Iowa Caucuses is very low compared to the years of 2008 and 2012.

Iowa Legislature
https://www.legis.iowa.gov/docs/publications/SP/attachments/615751_741815.pdf

NPR News
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/2014-midterm-election-turnout-lowest-in-70-years/

 

How significant a role in the nomination of presidential candidates does the Iowa Caucus play? 

The Caucuses are primarily for the Democratic and Republican parties. In the last 39 years, starting in the 1970s when Iowa moved its' Caucus to be the first Caucus in the Nation, Iowa has become a predictor in identifying the top three candidates from both parties.  Only those candidates who finish in the top half of their party typically move on to campaign strong in other states. In fact, in the past, the Iowa Caucuses have become more of a clearing field in determining which candidates will stay in the race and which candidates will throw in the towel. This would appear to be a more accurate depiction of Iowa's role in the presidential campaigns than in determining which candidate will be nominated by their respective party. Iowa does play a big part in allowing candidates a chance to showcase their political prowess to a fairly middle of the road state.  
(See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iowa_caucus.)

Iowa can be somewhat of a barometer measuring the nation's state-of-mind because, for the last ten Iowa Caucuses, Iowa has identified the nation's two primary picks for the top runner from both the Democratic and Republican party five times and from just the Democratic party six times.  The importance of Iowa may become more significant to the individual candidates running for president than to their individual party simply because it may be cheaper to campaign in Iowa than in many of the other states entertaining the notion of scheduling their Primaries closer to the Iowa Caucus. A win in an early state that is cheaper to campaign in gives an advantage to those candidates who would normally not have the funds to campaign in a larger state. Larger states will cost the candidates a greater amount of upfront capital to campaign per registered voter. In addition, Iowa has its' population clustered into regions within the state, which makes it easier to reach potential audiences. Campaigning in a state like Iowa has advantages over larger states because their media outlets will focus on candidates as though they were celebrities, giving them free press and headline news, whereas other states would continue to cater to local celebrities, athletes, and business leaders, giving them the coverage and headline news, which would overshadow a political campaign candidate.

Iowa and other states of similar size are playing a larger role in close elections because of the electoral college. In 2000, the difference between the winner and loser was only five electoral votes, which means states like Arkansas,  Tennessee, and Iowa can change an election outcome drastically.    
(See http://www.c-span.org/classroom/govt/electoral-cards.asp.)

 


What makes the political atmosphere of the Iowa Caucus 'traditional' as opposed to other caucuses? 

The Iowa Caucus process starts out months before the actual Caucus as assembly hall type meetings start to crop up, with candidates making scheduled visits to particular places in Iowa communities.  Typically, the meetings takes place at local high schools, universities, libraries, town halls, coffee shops, hotel conference centers, and other public buildings.  The smaller venues allow the candidates to interact on a more intimate level while the larger venues allow a wider audience to participate as the candidate is able to move freely amongst the public, shaking hands, answering questions, discussing platform issues, and, hopefully, inspiring fund raisers to assist with campaign donations.  Most of the candidates are able to garner quality time with voters because of the small town atmosphere that permeates each meeting.  Iowans tend to have more traditional values and believe that the process of selecting the most qualified candidate for president of the United States is very serious business and every citizens duty to their country.  Iowans are hospitable to candidates and enjoy engaging others in discussions on political and social issues, and the environment in Iowa has always been safe and inviting for presidential candidates in the 43 years Iowans have been hosting Caucuses.

Who are the candidates for the 2016 Iowa Caucus? 

Presidential Candidates Listed A-Z
(Filed bid with the FEC and formally declared presidential run.)

Democrats (http://www.dnc.org/)

Republicans (http://www.gop.org/)

Official Candidates: Official Candidates:
Lincoln Chafee
-- filed bid on ??
Jeb Bush
-- filed bid on ????
Hillary Clinton
-- filed bid on April 13, 2015
Dr. Ben Carson
-- filed bid on May 4, 2015
Martin O'Malley
-- filed bid on ??
Ted Cruz
-- filed bid on March 23, 2015
Bernie Sanders
-- filed bid on April 30, 2015
Mark Everson
-- filed bid on March 10, 2015
James Webb
-- filed bid on ????
Carly Fiorina
-- filed bid on May 4, 2015
  Lindsey Graham
-- filed bid on ????
  Mike Huckabee
-- filed bid on May 2, 2015
  Rand Paul
-- filed bid on April 8, 2015
  Rick Perry
-- filed bid on ???
  Marco Rubio
-- filed bid on April 13, 2015
  Scott Walker
-- filed bid on ????

Official list provided by the FEC. A complete list of candidates may be obtained upon request from the FEC Press Office. 
(Seehttp://www.fec.gov/press/resources/2016presidential_form2nm.shtml.) 
Additional, unofficial, list sources: 
(See .)http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/us/elections/2016-presidential-candidates.html?_r=0

 


The 2016 Iowa Caucus will be held in less than a year!

The Iowa Caucus is historically the first in the Nation, and the next Iowa Caucus had been set to be held on February 1st, 2016. However, the Time may change depending on outside caucuses schedules. The two major parties in the state of Iowa, the Democrats and the Republicans, are hopeful that the Caucus kick-off would remain on February, 2016, becuase under state law, Iowa is sanctioned to be the first Caucus held in the Nation, not the first Primary.   (See http://www.legis.state.ia.us/IACODE/2001SUPPLEMENT/43/4.html and see The Green Papers http://www.thegreenpapers.com/P12/events.phtml?s=c.)

 


POLITICAL LOYALTY QUIZ

Donkey or Elephant?  Democrat or Republican?  Liberal or Conservative?  Which are YOU? 

The folks at PoliticalHumor.com devised a quiz to pinpoint your political Id.  Could you be a closet Republican voting as a Democrat?  Or are you a true-blue Democrat?  Is there a chance you're a Democrat in Republican clothing?  Or are you a red-blooded Republican?  Take the quiz and find out!


What are the top 10 Presidential Qualities and which Presidents possessed them while in office? 

C-SPAN conducted a Survey of Presidential Leadership, as the last piece of the puzzle of their American Presidents series, which ran for a year.  Historians and viewers were invited to participate online.

The survey rated 10 qualities of presidential leadership, which were established by an advisory team, including Public Persuasion, Crisis Leadership, Economic Management, Moral Authority, International Relations, Administrative Skills, Relations with Congress, Vision/Setting Agenda, Pursued Equal Justice For All, and Performance Within Context of Times. The survey was sent to approximately 90 historians and presidential experts who had already been participating in the American Presidents series and the same survey was also made available to viewers online. 

So which past President was the least 'Presidential' and which seemed to be born to play the part effortlessly?  Read the survey below and find out how well your favorite past President scored.   
(See http://www.americanpresidents.org/survey/.)


POLITICAL QUOTES

"In a certain sense, and to a certain extent, he [the president] is the representative of the people. He is elected by them, as well as congress is. But can he, in the nature [of] things, know the wants of the people, as well as three hundred other men, coming from all the various localities of the nation? If so, where is the propriety of having a congress?"
-  Abraham Lincoln

"The President is merely the most important among a large number of public servants. He should be supported or opposed exactly to the degree which is warranted by his good conduct or bad conduct, his efficiency or inefficiency in rendering loyal, able, and disinterested service to the Nation as a whole. Therefore it is absolutely necessary that there should be full liberty to tell the truth about his acts, and this means that it is exactly necessary to blame him when he does wrong as to praise him when he does right. Any other attitude in an American citizen is both base and servile. To announce that there must be no criticism of the President, or that we are to stand by the President, right or wrong, is not only unpatriotic and servile, but is morally treasonable to the American public. Nothing but the truth should be spoken about him or any one else. But it is even more important to tell the truth, pleasant or unpleasant, about him than about any one else."
- Theodore Roosevelt
(See http://www.brainyquotes.com & http://www.quoteworld.org.)

"A year ago, my approval rating was in the 30s, my nominee for the Supreme Court had just withdrawn, and my Vice President had shot someone. Ahhh, those were the good old days." - President Bush

"The president is really sorry he couldn't be here tonight. ... His book club is meeting." - Vice President Cheney
(See http://politicalhumor.about.com/library/blquotes.htm.)

"I have had other offers. But, frankly, Jay, when you refuse to do nude scenes, it really cuts down on the opportunities. ... I just want to clarify. I have no plans to do a nude scene. I have no intention to do a nude scene. I don't expect to do a nude scene. But I haven't made a Shermanesque statement about it." 
 - Former Vice President Al Gore, after Jay Leno asked if he was entertaining other film offers after the success of An Inconvenient Truth

(See http://politicalhumor.about.com/od/funnyquotes/a/funnyquotes2006.htm.)


�A president's hardest task is not to do what is right, but to know what is right.� - Lyndon Johnson

By the end of George Washington's first term, and much to his dismay, two political parties were emerging from the one.  He retired at the end of his second term worn weary from politics, and in his Farwell Address, he urged his countrymen to 'forswear excessive party spirit and geographical distinctions.'
(See http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/gw1.html.)

Two hundred and ten years later, and Washington's fears have been realized.  Although the two prominent parties, Democratic and Republican, seem to agree more often than disagree on core issues, the parties are very clearly divided on sensitive issues, such as abortion, gay and minority rights, and the mingling of religion and politics.

Theodore Roosevelt was quoted as saying "There are good men and bad men of all nationalities, creeds and colors; and if this world of ours is ever to become what we hope some day it may become, it must be by the general recognition that the man's heart and soul, the man's worth and actions, determine his standing."

Many of us have admired a President's successes, believing we would have done the same if we were in their shoes, and many of us have been disappointed by a President's failures, knowing we would have done better if given the opportunity.  It takes a strong and courageous individual to run for the office of President.  But just what is that elusive trait that one must possess to actually become President?  And do the presidential candidates of 2008 have what it takes?  George Washington's sound advice?  "I hope I shall possess firmness and virtue enough to maintain what I consider the most enviable of all titles, the character of an honest man."


We thank the above official candidates and the following resources:

FEC Presidential Reports
http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+00+PR
FEC Summary Reports
http://www.fec.gov/finance/disclosure/srssea.shtml

University of WI Ad Project
http://wiscadproject.wisc.edu
CNN
http://cnn.com

IPTV
http://www.iptv.org

Iowa Press
http://www.iptv.org/iowapress

Cornell College & League of Women Voters of Iowa
http://www.legis.state.ia.us/IACODE/2001SUPPLEMENT/43/4.html

The Green Papers
http://www.thegreenpapers.com
Republican Party of Iowa
http://iowagop.org
Democratic Website
http://www.dnc.org
Republican Website
http://www.gop.org

FEC Filings from Prospective 2012 Presidential Campaigns
http://www.fec.gov/press/press2011/presidential_form2nm.shtml
2012 Presidential Candidates

http://2012.presidential-candidates.org
Wikipedia
http://www.wikipedia.com

C-SPAN Classroom
http://www.c-span.org/classroom/
Political Humor
http://politicalhumor.about.com

C-SPAN American Presidents
http://www.americanpresidents.org/survey

Brainy Quotes
http://www.brainyquotes.com
Quote World
http://www.quoteworld.org

The White House
http://www.whitehouse.gov

 

 

 

 

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